Quick Complete Guide of Swimmer’s shoulder | How to Cure?

swimmer's shoulder

The shoulder is the most complex joint in the human body. You can move in a wide range of ways. Swimming is unique because the shoulders propel the body’s weight against the resistance of the water.

For efficient swimming, you need maximum flexibility and range of motion. It can lead to instability and shoulder laxity. About 90% of swimmers’ complaints to their healthcare professionals are related to issues with their shoulders.

One of the most common is a sore shoulder. Swimmer’s shoulder is a condition. Let’s dive in!

What’s a swimmer’s shoulder?

what is swimmer's shoulder

A swimmer’s shoulder is made up of tendons, which are tissues that connect bones and muscles. The shoulder tendons become inflamed, swollen, and press on adjacent bones, muscles, or other tendons.

Swimmer’s shoulder can also be called subacromial impingement, painful arc, or shoulder impingement.

Inflammation can affect the tendons in the rotator wrist (a group of tendons and muscles surrounding the shoulder joint).

These tendons can press on the acromion (top part of the shoulder blade bones). Bony growths can develop from friction on the shoulder blade. Swimmer’s shoulder refers to a form of shoulder tendinitis.

You may read: Pain between shoulder blades

Because your shoulder joint is very mobile, the ligaments and muscles around it must be strong. Overworking your muscles and ligaments can lead to injuries.

  • An anterior shoulder injury
  • Fatigue
  • Hypermobility
  • Over-training
  • Poor technique
  • Too large hand paddles

You could sustain injuries if you continue doing this.

  • Bursitis
  • Cartilage damage
  • Ligament and capsule injury
  • Rotator cuff tears
  • Tendonitis, rotator cuff impingement

Swimming freestyle can allow you to rotate your shoulder hundreds of times (thousands) per hour. Repeated rotations can tire out your rotator cuff muscles. Poor positioning will cause surrounding tissues and muscles to rub against each other.

Swimmer’s shoulder symptoms & causes


You know from experience that your upper body drives movement in swimming. Whether you are swimming breaststroke, freestyle, or fly, the repetitive overhead shoulder motions and pull off your arms provide the majority of muscle power and propulsion through the water.

Repeated use of the same shoulder muscles can cause damage and lead to joint restriction. Constant exertion can lead to a swimmer’s shoulders.

You don’t need to be a swimmer to get swimmer’s shoulders or the shoulder impingement, also known as swimmer’s side.

Anyone who uses their shoulder muscles in repetitive overhead motions, such as baseball pitchers, tennis players, or volleyball players, can experience the motion restriction and muscle imbalance that can cause chronic inflammation and pain in the swimmer’s shoulder.

This type of injury is most commonly caused by overuse of the shoulder. You can also develop a swimmer’s shoulders from other factors.

A poor stroke technique, previous shoulder injury, bad posture, insufficient rest, or sub-optimal stroke technique can all contribute to an injury.

What causes the swimmer’s shoulder to hurt?

Repeated strain on the shoulder joint can cause injury to the tendon and muscle tissue. Tiny tears can cause inflammation and scar tissue. It causes the joint to stop moving freely. If left untreated, the swimmer’s shoulders can lead to a labral tear and rotator cuff tears.

Is it only swimmers who are affected by a swimmer’s shoulder?

Highly skilled swimmers may be able to swim as much as nine miles per day. It puts them at risk of shoulder impingement and other overuse injuries.

Anyone who lifts or reaches overhead with their shoulders can get the condition. Shoulder tendon pain can affect electricians, baseball players, and construction workers.

Swimmer’s shoulder Symptoms

How can you tell if you have swimmers’ shoulders? Some shoulder pain does not necessarily indicate that you have suffered a serious injury. A normal level of soreness can be achieved by working out the same muscles daily.

A swimmer’s shoulder is a condition where you feel a sharp pain in your shoulders that doesn’t disappear after a few days. Swimmer’s shoulder symptoms include:

  • It isn’t easy to reach or stretch
  • Mobility or range of motion loss
  • Pain radiating from the shoulder down to the arm and back
  • Pain when you rest on an injured shoulder
  • Sudden, sharp pains
  • Touching the affected area with tenderness

The primary difference between typical post-exercise muscle soreness and shoulder injuries is the severity and progression of the symptoms.

If the pain continues after taking some time off from your activity to rest, you can look at the swimmer’s shoulder stretching tips and strengthening tips.

What are the swimmer’s shoulder symptoms?

Swimmer’s shoulder symptoms are:

  • Fatigue or weakness of the muscles
  • Instability in the shoulder.
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Shoulder pain

Diagnosis and test

How can shoulder impingement be diagnosed?

Your symptoms will be reviewed by a healthcare provider who will perform a physical examination. The provider might press on various areas to check for tenderness, pain, swelling, or tenderness in the shoulder. Your provider will also assess your shoulder mobility and range.

Imaging exams can detect more severe bone and soft tissue injuries. An X-ray is used to check for broken bones and dislocated bones. Tendon tears can be revealed by MRI or CT scan.

Management & treatment

How does a swimmer’s shoulder get treated?

Conservative treatments, which do not require surgery, can relieve pain in the shoulder and reduce inflammation of the tendons. Your healthcare provider might recommend heat, ice, or pain medication. You may also consider the following:

  • Ergonomic adjustments can be helpful for your shoulder. Change your work or home environment. You can move things you need to lower so that you don’t burden reaching overhead.
  • Physical therapy: You can heal your shoulder by doing exercises, strengthening exercises, and stretching. You can get strategies from a sports therapist or a physical therapist to avoid re-injury.
  • Steroid injections: Injections of steroid medication may reduce inflammation in the shoulder joints. Steroid injections can temporarily relieve pain while you heal and rest.

Is it possible to have surgery on the shoulder of a swimmer?

Surgery is not necessary for most swimmer’s shoulders. If your shoulder pain does not improve with other treatments, surgery might be an option. Subacromial compression is a surgical procedure. This procedure removes inflammation and bone spurs from the shoulder.

Surgeons may be able to use minimally invasive techniques in some cases. A surgeon will make several small incisions around the shoulder during arthroscopic shoulder compression.

An arthroscope, a narrow, lighted tube that illuminates the shoulder joint, is used by the surgeon to access it. It allows the surgeon to perform surgery without needing to make a large incision.


How can you stop a swimmer from getting his shoulder hurt?


  • Proper body mechanics are important when working out or exercising.
  • Warming up and stretching before you start swimming or any other sport.
  • When possible, avoid repeated stress to the shoulder.
  • When your shoulder joint feels tired, overused, or worn out, you can rest.


How can you stop a swimmer from getting his shoulder hurt?


  • Proper body mechanics are important when working out or exercising.
  • Warming up and stretching before you start swimming or any other sport.
  • When possible, avoid repeated stress to the shoulder.
  • When your shoulder joint feels tired, overused, or worn out, you can rest.

Living with

What is the best time to contact the doctor regarding the swimmer’s shoulder?

Consult a healthcare provider if you:

  • Shoulder movement can cause pain.
  • You may notice swelling or bruising in your shoulder area.
  • You may think you have a dislocated or broken shoulder.

Are you concerned that you might have a swimmer’s shoulder?

If you continue swimming, the irritation and inflammation can cause pain. Your shoulder will continue to feel this way until you manage the inflammation properly and retrain the rotator-cuff muscles.

Swimmers shoulder signs

Swimmer’s impingement can be described as pain radiating from your back that feels like it is deeply embedded in your muscles. Sometimes, pain may radiate to your front shoulder.

This pain can be aggravated by repetitive overhead reaching (e.g., swimming). Your pain will worsen the longer you swim for one time. This condition is known as shoulder tendonitis, which refers to tendon inflammation of the supraspinatus and biceps muscles.

You may feel pain in your shoulder, neck, shoulder, or arm when you swim stroke.

The most common symptoms of swimmer’s shoulders are:

  • Joint laxity is greater than that of the other shoulder.
  • You have less strength than your other shoulder.
  • Your shoulder has a reduced range of motion compared to the other shoulder.

To prevent the pain from getting worse, consult a shoulder specialist if you are experiencing shoulder pain while swimming. To reduce inflammation, you can stop swimming and rest your shoulders.

The following are some technical characteristics of a swimmer’s shoulder:

  • Affected shoulder mobility, posture, muscle performance, or neuromuscular control are common causes for symptoms.
  • Many swimmers possess innate ligamentous flexibility, multidirectional shoulder instability, or more joint movement.
  • Overtraining, overloading, and poor stroke technique are all examples of training errors.
  • The subacromial muscles of the back are responsible for the inflammation of the supraspinatus and bicep tendons, which can lead to shoulder impingement syndrome.

Swimming is a sport that causes muscle imbalances. Adductors and internal rotators can become weaker. Because they aren’t being used as often, this can lead to weakness in the external rotators and scapular stabilizers.

Anterior capsule laxity can result from poor technique or muscle imbalance and overuse. These all peak and enable the humeral head to move upward, which compromises the subacromial area, causing impingement/irritation.

Swimmer’s shoulder treatment

The best swimmer’s shoulder treatment is achieved by identifying the affected tendons and muscles. The following are the essential components of a good treatment plan:

1. Ice. After training for approximately 20 minutes, apply directly to the shoulder.

2. Anti-inflammatory medication is recommended. Please keep it on your body for a few days to reduce inflammation.

3. Rest. It could mean that you are completely restrained from swimming for 24 to 48 hours, depending on how severe the condition is. You may be able to swim but have to reduce your yardage. Keep your arms and legs at your sides, avoid backstroke, butterfly, or kick. You can wait until you feel better before you start swimming again.

4. Receive passive professional care. It could include:

  • Adjustments to your neck and shoulder
  • Interferential current
  • Massage with cross friction tendon
  • The muscles are relaxed post-isometrically
  • Trigger point work
  • Ultrasound

5. Rehabilitation exercises are recommended. These exercises will help strengthen weak muscles, especially your external shoulder rotators. These exercises can be done with very controlled weights, such as three to five pounds.

If you have ever experienced problems with your shoulders, these exercises can be done a few times per week. It is common to require rehab for every day that you swim with a sore shoulder.

6. Modify your swimming technique. Hand paddles can be very damaging to your shoulders. However, Zoomers and other types of fins can help you if your shoulders start to hurt during a workout. Ask a friend or coach to examine your arm position and body.

You may be asked to take a video of yourself to review the stroke mechanics and share your thoughts with the coach.

Physical therapy

A physical therapy program can be used to complement any of the treatments mentioned above. It is often necessary and beneficial for swimmers who have suffered from swimmer’s shoulders. Because they are difficult to reach, an orthopedist or physical therapist can manually stretch and massage the rotator cuff muscles. It helps relieve tension and prevents irritation.

The orthopedist will likely ask you to do custom exercises to strengthen your rotator cuff muscles if you have healed sufficiently.

These muscles can strengthen your shoulder joint support and make it more resilient to injury. A shoulder orthopedist can also help you to recondition your shoulder, so it doesn’t become a weakness in the future.

Athletes often benefit from sports rehabilitation. It can allow you to continue swimming while rehabilitating your shoulders and using different techniques to relieve pressure. Before and after swimming, it is important to cool down and warm up your muscles.

Swimmers shoulder stretches

Three of the most common areas often tightened or stiffened include the posterior rotator muscles, pectoral muscles, and the thoracic spine.

These three stretches will address these areas. These stretches should be performed only if your shoulder pain is severe. Consult your physiotherapist immediately to determine the cause.

1. External Rotators for Shoulders / Lat Stretch

Standing next to a door frame, keep your elbows at your sides and bend them 90 degrees. Start to rotate your body forwards, keeping your elbows at your sides. Continue to rotate until your shoulder is in front.

You can also lay on your back, with your elbows bent 90 degrees. Keep your shoulder flat on a hard surface by slipping your hand underneath something.

2. Pec Major Stretch – Stop Sign

You will need to sit on the ground for this stretch. Bend your knees to extend your legs and keep your soles together. Keep your back straight while placing your elbows on your knees and thighs? Then, push your forearms towards the ground with your forearms.

3. Thoracic Spine Mobility (with or without a thoracic wedge or roller)

Place a wedge under your thoracic spine. Relax over the wedge. Place a towel on top of the wedge if it is uncomfortable. Beginning users will place their arms across their chests. Advanced people will place their arms behind the head.

To increase the wedge’s force, raise your buttocks and push your legs upwards. For the mid-lower, thoracic, keep your buttocks low.


Stretching is one of the best ways you can prevent injury and improve your athletic performance.

Studies show that stretching properly improves flexibility and heals muscle injuries. What about stretching after a swimmer sustains a shoulder injury?

Stretches to reduce restriction and increase muscle balance are part of physical therapy and muscle rehabilitation. It can reduce pressure on the injured area and allow for better muscle strengthening.

  • Front Arm Line Release of the Pectoralis & Latissimus Muscles Using Counter Hinge or Child’s Pose
  • Pectoralis Minor Stretch with a Focus on Isolation and Protection of the Pec Minor while protecting the Anterior Capsules of the Shoulder Joint.
  • Rotational Thoracic Spine Mobilization focusing on Pelvic Stabilization You can also use foam roller techniques.

These stretches are not the only ones you can do. These are just a few of the many categories that I find extremely effective in treating swimmer’s shoulders and other injuries common to overhead athletes.

You will be able to stabilize your body by remembering the importance of mobilizing the thoracic spine and releasing the front line of the pectoralis, latissimus, and pectoralis muscles.


The Health Salubrity has a mantra: Release * Balance * Building. It is important to release muscles that are tightened or up-regulated in a shorter position before you try strengthening. It is because a muscle can only activate and perform at its best when it is resting.

The shoulder can be strengthened by first being released using the swimmer’s shoulder stretching techniques. Many exercises can be done to strengthen the shoulder muscles.

These three muscle groups are frequently weak or inhibited by impingement and swimmer’s shoulder.

  • Lift-Off Lower Trapezius activation
  • Rotator Cuff – External Rotation with Neutral Capsular Stabilization – Gentle Progressive Resistance
  • Standing Back Lean Row, which is not shown in this video, is another great closed-chain exercise that combines stability from the posterior (back), shoulder girdle, and core muscles.

Remember the mantra: Release the Front, Strengthen the Back!

Do you still feel pain in your shoulders even after doing these swimming shoulder stretching and strengthening exercises for a while? A thorough evaluation and intensive rehabilitation program might be necessary to determine if you have a more severe injury or muscle imbalance.

Posture: How Important is it?

You haven’t dealt with a swimmer’s shoulders before, but you are concerned about getting hurt and being unable to swim. Have you ever suffered from a swimmer’s shoulder? Are you looking to minimize the chance of it happening again?

Do not let a preventable injury keep you from your sport. You can also add postural and positioning strategies to the stretching or strengthening tips to prevent the swimmer’s shoulders.

Pay attention to your posture. Bad posture can lead to all kinds of musculoskeletal issues, including the swimmer’s shoulders.

How can a swimmer’s shoulder be diagnosed?

An orthopedic shoulder specialist is needed to diagnose and treat any shoulder pain that doesn’t resolve on its own or is affecting your performance, sleep, or daily activities.

Your doctor will perform a physical exam during your visit to determine the location, radiation, and timing of your pain. They will also test your joint mobility and strength.

Depending on the findings of this exam, your doctor may order additional imaging such as an X-ray to rule out any anatomical causes or an MRI to view your shoulder’s muscles and tendons.

Swimmer’s shoulder treatment

The swimmer’s shoulder treatment of impingement syndrome is usually nonsurgical. It involves a swimmer’s shoulder stretching and physical therapy to strengthen the shoulder, improve mobility, and increase mobility. Surgery may be necessary if the impingement is severe. It could mean that your rotator cuff has suffered significant tears or nerve damage.

Swimmer’s shoulder treatment Using Regenerative Medicine

Never ignore severe pain. If you ignore severe pain, impingement syndrome, also known as swimmer’s shoulders, can lead to more serious complications such as tendinitis, tendinopathy, and rotator cuff tears.

These injuries may require an ultrasound or MRI to diagnose, but they can all be treated with Regenerative Medicine. These injuries include a swimmer’s shoulder and persistent, repetitive impingement.

It is not fun to watch your team members enjoy a swim meet while watching from the sidelines.

To avoid repetitive strain, you can incorporate swimmer’s shoulder stretching into your daily routine. You can prevent injuries by practicing good technique and maintaining a good posture.

Health Salubrity: A Note

Most shoulder injuries don’t warrant alarm. Because your shoulders are used for many activities, some stiffness or soreness is normal. If your shoulder pain affects your quality of life, or your ability to be active, it’s time for you to seek treatment.

There are many treatments for swimmer’s shoulders. Talk to your healthcare provider to discuss a care plan that suits your needs.

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